MAKALAH PEDAGOGIK

BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

Lapangan pendidikan merupakan wilayah yang sangat luas. Ruang lingkupnya mencakup seluruh pengalaman dan pemikiran manusia tentang pendidikan. Setiap orang pernah mendengar tentang perkataan pendidikan, dan setiap orang waktu kecilnya pernah mengalami pendidikan, atau setiap orang sebagai orang tua, guru, telah melaksanakan pendidikan. Namun tidak setiap orang mengerti dalam arti yang sebenarnya apa pendidikan itu dan tidak setiap orang mengalami pendidikan atau menjalankan pendidikan sebagaiman mestinya. Karena itu untuk memahami seluk beluk pendidikan kta perlu mempelajari ilmu pendidikan.

Pedagogik merupakan ilmu yang membahas pendidikan, yaitu ilmu pendidikan anak. Jadi pedagogik mencoba menjelaskan tentang seluk-beluk pendidikan anak, pedagogik merupakan teori pendidikan anak. Pedagogik sebagai ilmu sangat dibutuhkan oleh guru khususnya guru taman kanak-kanak dan guru sekolah dasar karena mereka akan berhadapan dengan anak yang belum dewasa. Tugas guru bukan hanya mengajar untuk menyampaikan,atau mentransformasikan pengetahuan kepada para anak di sekolah melainkan guru mengemban tugas untuk mengembangkan kepribadian anak didiknya secara terpadu. Guru mengembangkan sikap mental anak, mengembangkan hati nurani anak atau kata hati anak, sehingga anak akan sensitive terhadap masalah-masalah kemanusiaan, harkat derajat manusia, Begitu juga guru hanya mengembangkan keterampilan anak keterampilan hidup di masyarakat sehingga ia mampu untuk menghadapi segala permasalahan hidupnya.

Guru adalah orang yang memberikan suatu ilmu atau kepandaian tertentu kepada seseorang atau sekelompok orang. Maka, untuk menjadi seorang guru harus memiliki keahlian khusus, pengetahuan, kemampuan, dan dituntut untuk dapat melaksanakan peranannya secara profesional yang dalam tugasnya guru tidak hanya mengajar, melatih tapi juga mendidik. Untuk dapat melaksanakan perannya tersebut guru harus mempunyai empat kompetensi dasar (kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi profesional, kompetensi kepribadian, dan kompetensi sosial) sebagai modal dasar dalam mengemban tugas dan kewajibannya. Dalam makalah ini akan dibahas lebih lanjut mengenai kompetensi pedagogik. Baca entri selengkapnya »

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Model Model Pembelajaran

Model pembelajaran adalah kerangka konseptual yang digunakan sebagai pedoman dalam melakukan pembelajaran yang disusun secara sistematis untuk mencapai tujuan belajar yang menyangkut sintaksis, sistem sosial, prinsip reaksi dan sistem pendukung (Joice&Wells). Sedangkan menurut Arends dalam Trianto, mengatakan “model pembelajaran adalah suatu perencanaan atau suatu pola yang digunakan sebagai pedoman dalam merencanakan pembelajaran di kelas”.

Model pembelajaran mengacu pada pendekatan pembelajaran yang akan digunakan, termasuk di dalamnya tujuan-tujuan pengajaran, tahap-tahap dalam kegiatan pembelajaran, lingkungan pembelajaran, dan pengelolaan kelas sedangkan Tujuan penggunaan model pembelajaran sebagai strategi bagaimana pembelajaran yang dilaksanakan dapat membantu peserta didik mengembangkan dirinya baik berupa informasi, gagasan, keterampilan nilai dan cara-cara berpikir dalam meningkatkan kapasitas berpikir secara jernih, bijaksana dan membangun keterampilan sosial serta komitmen (Joice & Wells).

Model pembelajaran mempunyai empat ciri khusus yaitu:

  1. Rasional teoretis logis yang disusun oleh para pencipta atau pengembangnya. Model pembelajaran mempunyai teori berfikir yang masuk akal. Maksudnya para pencipta atau pengembang membuat teori dengan mempertimbangkan teorinya dengan kenyataan sebenarnya serta tidak secara fiktif dalam menciptakan dan mengembangankannya.
  2. Landasan pemikiran tentang apa dan bagaimana siswa belajar (tujuan pembelajaran yang akan dicapai). Model pembelajaran mempunyai tujuan yang jelas tentang apa yang akan dicapai, termasuk di dalamnya apa dan bagaimana siswa belajar dengan baik serta cara memecahkan suatu masalah pembelajaran.
  3. Tingkah laku mengajar yang diperlukan agar model tersebut dapat dilaksanakan dengan berhasil. Model pembelajaran mempunyai tingkah laku mengajar yang diperlukan sehingga apa yang menjadi cita-cita mengajar selama ini dapat berhasil dalam pelaksanaannya.
  4. Lingkungan belajar yang diperlukan agar tujuan pembelajaran itu dapat tercapai. Model pembelajaran mempunyai lingkungan belajar yang kondusif serta nyaman, sehingga suasana belajar dapat menjadi salah satu aspek penunjang apa yang selama ini menjadi tujuan pembelajaran.  (Trianto, 2010).

Dalam prakteknya, Seorang guru harus ingat bahwa tidak ada model pembelajaran yang paling tepat untuk segala situasi dan kondisi. Oleh karena itu, dalam memilih model pembelajaran yang tepat haruslah memperhatikan kondisi siswa, sifat materi bahan ajar, fasilitas-media yang tersedia, dan kondisi guru itu sendiri.

Berikut ini disajikan beberapa model model pembelajaran, untuk dipilih dan dijadikan alternatif sehingga cocok untuk situasi dan kondisi yang dihadapi. Akan tetapi sajian yang dikemukakan pengantarnya berupa pengertian dan rasional serta sintaks (prosedur) yang sifatnya prinsip. Baca entri selengkapnya »

MP3 Modul Materi PLPG Sertifikasi Guru 2017 Bagi Guru SD

Berawal dari  Keterbatasan waktu dalam mempelajari modul modul materi PLPG secara online dan cetak, maka saya berinisiatif merubah modul tersebut kedalam bentuk mp3 agar dapat lebih mudah dipelajari kapanpun dan dimanapun. Berikut ini disajikan Modul PLPG Sertifikasi Guru 2017 Khusus Bagi Guru SD dalam bentuk format MP3, mudah mudahan dapat bermanfaat dan membatu aktivitas belajar para guru yang sedang berjuang mengikuti PLPG Sertifikasi Guru tahun 2017 ini :

  1. Modul PEDAGOGIK
  2. Modul Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia
  3. Modul Mata Pelajaran IPA
  4. Modul Mata Pelajaran IPS
  5. Modul Mata Pelajaran PKn
  6. Modul Mata Pelajaran Matematika

Silahkan di download dengan langsung mengklik Pada masing-masing modul diatas. Semoga Bermanfaat, Selamat berjuang dan selamat belajar.

#”Karena setiap orang punya cara berbeda dalam belajar” ^_^

 

How to Blogging

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Online
Full Conversation Tanpa Grammar
Bergaransi dan Bersertifikat Nasional
www.belajaringgris.net

If writing is an art, then, blogging is one way of using words to come up with an art. This is because people who are into blogging are the ones who are artistic on their own sense, carefully choosing words that would best describe their feelings, sentiments, wishes, desires, and everything.

Basically, blogs were first introduced as weblogs that refer to a “server’s log file.” It was created when web logging hit the virtual market. Since its inception in the mid-1990s, web logging gradually saturated the virtual community making the Internet a viable source of greater information.

However, with web logging, you still need a web site and domain names, but with blogging, you do not need anything just an account with blog providers. In most cases, these kinds of blogs are free of charge.

With the onset of blogging in the industry, personal journaling had been a common ground for people who wish to be known all over the world. However, not literally famous as this is not a case on being popular or well-known personality.

Generally, blogs are created for personal use. Like a journal, people can write their daily adventures, sentiments, and whatever ideas they want to express online.

Nevertheless, with the advent of the online businesses, blogs had gradually taken the limelight in providing businesses a chance to boost their productivity online. This is where the business blogs have taken the limelight.

Business blogs are, basically, created to advertise the services or products of a certain web site or online business in order to increase online sales.

Moreover, business blogs are also one way of promoting the company so that the other readers will know that a certain company exists online. With blogs, entrepreneurs are able to establish a name in the virtual market through articles that can be very useful in the reader’s life.

From there, you can make money out of blogs by simply syndicating it to your business’ web site. This can be done through the RSS technology.

So, if you are thinking to create a blog, whether for business or for pleasure, you need to know some tips that could help you get through and make your blog one of the interesting blogs online.

Here’s how:

1. Consider your audience

Even if your blog is generally personal, still, it would be better to consider the minds of your readers. You have to think of something that would interest them.

After all, most of the reasons of people who write blogs are not at all confined to their own personal motives. Most of them would love to be “heard” (or read) and would love to be known, in some way or another, even for just a minute. Hence, it is very important to come with a write up that everybody can understand, not necessarily that these people can relate to it but they can understand it.

2. Pictures speaks a thousand words

To make your blogging worth the browsing effort of your readers, it would be extremely nice if you will put some pictures in it. It does not necessarily mean you have to place a picture of yourself. Any photographs will do as long as it does not pose danger or insult to anyone who will be reading your blog.

3. Make constructive and beneficial blogs

Even if you are free to write anything you wan to say to the world, still, it would be better to create some write-ups that would be beneficial to your readers.

After all, its information technology that you have there so better be inclined to provide information rather than sheer quirky entertainment.

4. Avoid making multifaceted and complicated blogs

In order to have an interesting blogs, try not to use some highly technical and highfalutin words. After all, it is not a science discourse or a debate that you are making, so better stick to simple facts and short blogs.

Bear in mind that most people who use the Internet usually do more scanning than scrutinizing each site word for word. Therefore, it would be better to come with blogs that will not bore your readers just because you have these lengthy articles.

5. Make it interactive

As much as possible and if your capacity will allow it, make your blog interactive. Yu can do this by placing some video or audio clips in your blog.

You can even place an area for comments or for some feedbacks. In this way, you can get some impressions or reactions of other people. Who knows, you might even gain some friends just by making them feel at home in your blog site.

Indeed, blogs are not created just for the mere fun of it. It also has its own purpose in the world of the Internet.
Therefore, for people who wish to harness their craft, as far as writing is concerned, blogs are the best way to do it.

As they say, blogging is the contemporary term of creative and commercial writing.

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Have a Toy Game Hobby Night at Your House!

Build family communication and togetherness by having a weekly toy game hobby night.  It is so easy these days to let work, school, and the business of life rule the day, that we can easily lose touch with each other.  If we get together one night each week for a toy game hobby night, we can rekindle those family ties.

Those families with small children will probably focus more on the toy aspect of the toy game hobby night.  Take the time to get down on the floor and play with those youngsters.  Cuddle those dollies and call yourself “grandma” or “grandpa.”  Push those trucks around and pretend right along with the kids.  If your back can take it, let them take turns riding you like a horse while you crawl around and neigh.  Every kid loves that!

On summer evenings, try toy game hobby night in the sand box at the park.  Using an old mesh produce bag, collect a variety of suitable sand toys to take along.  These toys include various containers, a few wheeled vehicles, toy garden tools, and cast-off kitchen utensils.  In the sandbox with your kids, you can create towns with roads, castles, or just about anything.

Modeling dough is also a great activity for toy game hobby night.  Collect some small cookie cutters and old jar lids (for pans) and create fancy cookies and desserts – inedible and calorie-free, of course!  The kids can turn a large box on it’s side for a counter and place the goodies on display to sell.  Of course, you’ll pretend to buy, eat, and enjoy!

Some fun games for family night include card games like Uno, board games like Candy Land or Life, and dominoes.  When choosing games to play there are several things to consider.  Is Scrabble, for instance, fun for everyone, or does all the spelling and thinking feel like work to some of the players?  Does the game take forever to play, so that some players’ attention spans play out?  Does the game encourage merciless competition, like Monopoly, leaving losers feeling left out?  It’s important for kids to learn how to lose and still have fun.  Don’t “throw” the game, intentionally letting them win all the time, but don’t mercilessly beat them every time either.  Make it fun.  If losing is a problem for some of the kids, check out some of the new cooperative games where everyone is on the same team.

Hobbies are also great to share as a family.  Maybe your family would be interested in pursuing musical skills together.  Families make great singing groups because their voices match well.  If that’s not for you, maybe you’d all enjoy fishing.  Square dancing is fun for some families, while others enjoy playing badminton or other active games and sports.  The important thing is to have fun together.

Having a toy game hobby night every week will help you stay close to your kids as they grow up.  It will keep the bond of love fresh and the lines of communication open.  Plan a toy game hobby night this week!

source: http://caridata.blogspot.co.id/

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